Many people throughout history have used gem stones and crystals for their healing properties. Some people go by the color of the stone rather than it’s type, while others go by the type of stone rather than just color. Here is a short list of stones that you could use to get started with using crystals and stones.
I’ve linked each stone name to the Wiki Article detailing it’s make up and scientific facts. Below the list there are some links that I’ve found to be useful as well.
Amethyst: Promotes inner peace, strength and contentment. It is also said to enhance psychic and creative abilities. It can also used to support sobriety and help break other addictions.
Amazonite: A powerful gemstone for creative people, it encourages heartfelt communication with loved ones.
Amber: Amber, which is fossilized tree resin, is used to open up the crown chakra and increase physical vitality and energy flow throughout the body.
Bloodstone: Good for the heart, improving oxygen through the bloodstream and encouraging relaxation and reducing emotional stress.
Carnelian: By helping to promote feelings of love and acceptance, carnelian helps to reduce feelings of fear, insecurity and anger. Also good for actors and those in the theater.
Citrine: Known as a "merchant" stone, citrine is believed to attract money and increase business. It also raises self esteem and warm feelings of hope.
Fluorite: Excellent for advancement of mind, greater concentration, meditation. Helps one to grasp higher, more abstract concepts. Facilitates inter-dimensional communication.
Garnet: The stone of love and commitment, garnet helps balance energy in and around the body and promote feelings of love for oneself and others.
Green Jade: Said to be a stone of good luck, green jade helps promote peace within and in the world around us.
Hematite: A gem said to encourage inner peace and happiness and increase focus and confidence.
Iolite: Encourages responsibility with money and eliminate debt. Also used to promote harmony in relationships.
Jasper: A gem of protection and nurturing, jasper is said to cleanse auras and provide protection against negative energies. It also promotes a sense of brotherhood and "green" outlook on the world.
Lapis Lazuli: The stone of royalty, known to increase strength and vitality. Also to protect its wearer from physical and psychic danger.
Malachite: The stone of transition, malachite helps balance and ground one's energy and stay on the right path. Also used in the treatment of swollen joints, broken bones and torn muscles.
Moonstone: Called the "traveler's stone," moonstone is a gem of good fortune and protection when traveling.
Obsidian: Known as the "mirror stone" because it helps one look within and address personal issues that need to be dealt with. Promotes forgiveness.
Onyx: Used to enhance the ability to make good decisions, encourage happiness and attract good fortune.
Peridot: Provides a shield of protection to block out negativity and helps to promote inner happiness and letting go of anger and jealousy.
Quartz: A stone of power, quartz is known to promote harmony and align energies within and around the body.
Rose Quartz: Helps calm energy, remove negativity and heal emotional pain. Good to have around chaotic environments.
Sodalite: Promotes psychic abilities and helps to calm and clear the mind. Also used to strengthens the metabolism and lymphatic system.
Tiger’s Eye: Encourages clarity of mind, enhances psychic ability, and promotes the attainment and management of wealth.
Turquoise: Good for creative expression and promoting open communication and friendship. Used in the treatment of lung, circulation and respiratory issues.
Unakite: Promotes emotional balance, also used to stimulate healthy pregnancies and babies. Also used to examine the underlying cause of disease.
Most Crystals and Stones used in healing are called different names by different users, which can ultimately become confusing. I found a good list HERE that helps decipher some of the names and lessen the confusion.
For Crystal and Stone Identification by color I use this site: http://www.crystalsandjewelry.com/stoneidentification.html
Please note that although I’m giving this information about stones I’m NOT telling anyone to stop seeking medical treatment or care for conditions. This is only information and how you use it is on you.